Implementation and monitoring of agri-environmental schemes for rural development

27-28 November 2003, Pulawy/Poland

Main organizers: Prof. Irena Duer

                               Prof. Antoni Faber

Structure of agri-environmental programmes and it's implementation in Denmark (Word document, 157KB)

Irene Asta Wiborg, The Danish Agricultural Advisory Service National Centre, Crop Production , Aarhus N, Denmark


Structure of agri-environmental programmes and it's implementation in Germany (Word document, 108KB)

Richard Neff The Hessian Service Centre of Agriculture, Horticulture and Nature Conservation (HDLGN)Bad Hersfeld, Germany


Structure of agri-environmental programmes and it's implementation in France

Eric Thebault, Pre-accession Advisor , Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development , Warszawa, Poland


Structure of agri-environmental programmes and it's implementation in Northern Ireland (Word document, 79KB)

Richard Crowe, DARD, Countryside Management Division, Magherafelt, Northern Ireland


Structure of agri-environmental programmes and it's implementation in Czech Republic (Power Point Presentation, 1611KB)

Jan Ulrich, Ministry of Agriculture, Czech Republic


Action programme of nitrate directive in Czech Republic (Word document, 89KB)

Jan Klir, Research Institute of Crop Production, Praha, Czech Republic


Structure of agri-environmental programmes and it's implementation in Slovak Republic (Word document, 72KB)

Radoslaw Bujnowsky, Soil Science and Conservation Research Institute, Bratislava, Slovak Republic


Agriculture and nature links in Hungary (Word document, 338KB)

György Varallyay, Research Institute for Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry (RISSAC) of the Hung. Acad. Sci. ,Budapest, Hungary


The national agri-environmental programme in Hungary: past, present and future (Word document, 1144KB)

Ferenc Tar


Structure of agri-environmental programmes and it's implementation in Estonia (Power Point Presentation 73KB)

Sille Teiter


Monitoring and ex ante evaluation of agri-enviromental programme in Poland (Power Point Presentation, 527KB)

Natasza Robakowska, Magdalena Baranowska, Agency for Restructuring and Modernisation of Agriculture, Warszawa, Poland


System of education of agricultural advisers and beneficiaries of agri-environmental programme in Poland

Richard Rozwadowski, Agro Business Consult Ltd. ,Warszawa, Poland


Structure of agri-environmental programmes and it's implementation in Poland (Word document, 75KB)

Anna Liro, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development , Warszawa, Poland


Experiences and further approaches for the assessment of interventions on regional economic and environmental outputs in Austria

Markus Knoflacher, Austrian Research Centers GmbH – ARC , Seibersdorf, Austria


Perspectives of using satelite imagery in analysis of land use and its quality (Word document, 118KB)

Tomasz Stuczynski, PROLAND Scientific Leader , Department of Soil Science Erosion and Land Conservation (IUNG), Pulawy, Poland

The International Workshop "Implementation and monitoring of agri - environmental schemes for rural development" was held in EC Centre of Excellence PROLAND, IUNG Pulawy at 27 - 28 November 2003. The total number of participants was 45, including 10 foreign top experts in the field, whose presentations were complemented by speeches given by 5 national speakers involved in organisation and implementation of agri-environmental programmes in Poland.
The main aim of the workshop was to develop inter-regional interactions regarding know-how and experience transfer between EU and Poland. This type of exchange is essential to facilitate a better efficiency of different entities involved in implementation and functioning of agri-environmental schemes. The success of such schemes depends on a participation of farmers, and can only be achieved as a result of proper assistance, and involvement of agencies, non-governmental farmers and environmental organizations and advisory staff.
The practical objective of the workshop was to establish links and transfer of the best solutions in this field implemented in EU countries with long term experience in running such programmes. Their dissemination experiences and discussing possible difficulties in start up period are of critical value. The agenda included planning, realisation and control of agri - environmental programmes in other candidate countries. The workshop was divided into 3 sessions:
The first session outlined background information on environmental issues associated with agriculture, including the effects of agricultural policies on the environment. The papers presented structure of agri - environmental schemes and its implementation in Denmark, Germany, France and Northern Ireland.
During the second session the representatives of Czech Republic, Slovak Republic, Hungary and Estonia presented papers regarding agri - environment schemes in their countries. Additionally there was a discussion paper presented on the approach used in the Czech Republic regarding implementation of the Nitrate Directive.
The third session was focusing on the structure of agri - environmental schemes in Poland, and how these programmes will be monitored to asses their environmental efficiency. Potential for the use of remote sensing techniques and new remote data sources were presented as an alternative to traditional land use and landscape analysis. Issues concerning a need for continuous education of agricultural advisers involved in planning of environmental schemes at the farm level were also covered. In this session new and holistic approaches for the assessment of environmental and socio-economic outputs of environmental schemes was presented by the representative of Austria.

The final discussion can be summarised as follows:
Agriculture is a major user of natural resources and its activities can generate a range of environmental benefits or harm depending on intensity of farming and the type of management practices. The environmental problems caused by agriculture have been exacerbated by agricultural support policies. These policies have provided incentives to producers to increase the intensity of production and to expand farming onto environmentally sensitive land, thereby contributing to a number of environmental problems.

By the early 1990s, the reform of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) required EU members to implement agri - environmental payment programmes by adopting farming practices that enhance environmental performance. This policy was later reorganised with introduction of the Rural Development Regulation 1257/1999 as part of the new "Second Pillar" of the CAP under the Agenda 2000. These regulations have provided the framework within which the European Union's agri-environmental payment programmes have been shaped within each member state. The agri - environmental programmes are obligatory at the member state level but voluntary for farmers. The goal of agri - environmental programmes (AEP) is the support of environmentally friendly agricultural practice, to save rural area.

The agri - environmental programmes are mostly five years contracts to achieve environmental benefits that go beyond those obtained thorough the application of "usually good farming practice". Generally are two kinds of schemes, the geographic specific schemes and the horizontal schemes, which are actualized and developed continuously according to different administrative levels (national, regional, farm or plot level). The schemes fall into different categories, among others: - environmentally favourable extensification of farming; - use of environmental planning in farming practice; - organic farming; - protection of waterways and groundwater by reduction of using nitrogen, pesticides, catch crops cultivation or buffer strips; - environmental friendly use of grassland; - revitalization of wetlands; - maintaining species diversity of flora and fauna (mainly farmland bird population); - landscape and heritage features
These schemes were developed by joint expertise across combining different scientific disciplines. The common feature among these measures in most EU member countries as well as in newly associated states are payments to support the adoption of lower input farming practices and organic farming. Many of the agri - environmental policy measures described above have been introduced in response to regional or local environmental issues. However, many agri - environmental polices are at relatively early stage in their development, and evidence concerning their performance and impacts is often very limited.

In a conclusion, it is evident that there will be a need for developing robust methodologies for programme assessment to provide a quantitative measure of their impact and meeting the objectives. Pan-European efforts are urgently needed in this regard as CAP reform will most likely shift towards supporting environmental programmes.



























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